City Break

Timisoara was initial mentioned as an area in either 1212 or 1266 as Castrum Temesiense. The territory later to be called Banat was conquered and annexed by the dominion of Hungary in 1030. Timisoara grew significantly throughout the reign of Charles I, who, upon his visit here in 1307, ordered the development of a royal palace. Timisoara's importance conjointly grew attributable to its strategic location, that expedited management over the Banat plain.

By the center of the fourteenth century, Timisoara was at the forefront of Western Christendom's battle against the Muslim Ottoman Turks. French and Hungarian crusaders met at town before participating within the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396. starting in 1443, John Hunyadi used Timisoara as a military defence against the Turks, having designed a strong defense. town was repeatedly enclosed by the Ottomans in 1462, 1476, 1491, and 1522.

On 31 October 1918, local military and political elites establish the "Banat National Council", together with representatives of the region's main ethnic groups: Romanians, Germans, Serbs and Hungarians. On 1 November they proclaimed in Timisoara the short-lived Banat Republic. In the aftermath of World War I, the Banat region was divided between the Kingdom of Romania and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and Timisoara came under Romanian administration after Serbian occupation between 1918–1919. The city was ceded from Hungary to Romania by the Treaty of Trianon on 4 June 1920. In 1920, King Ferdinand I awarded Timisoara the status of a University Centre, and the interwar years saw continuous economic and cultural development. A number of anti-fascist and anti-revisionist demonstrations also took place during this time.

In December 1989, Timisoara witnessed a series of mass street protests in what was to become the Romanian Revolution. On 20 December, three days after bloodshed began there, Timisoara was declared the first city free of Communism in Romania.

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